The main room of Azurara Palace contains a diverse group of pieces spanning five centuries. Of particular note is a very coherent group related to Portuguese expansion, prominent among which is a wool and silk tapestry woven in Tournai that mirrors, with its procession of giraffes and other animals, as well as various people, the eastern exoticism that was coming to light thanks to the Discoveries.
The Chinese porcelain jar decorated with the armillary sphere, a personal symbol of King Manuel I (1469-1521), points to the first Portuguese commissions for pieces from the famous Chinese production centres. With sophisticated inlaid decoration of a naturalist nature, the small Indo-Portuguese writing box produced in the north of India, in the region of the Great Mughal, adheres to a formal structure very close to that of European models, which would undoubtedly have been taken on Portuguese ships. The table and two cabinets-on-stands were produced in the south of the territory, in the Goa region, as attested by the geometric configuration of the inlays and the carved teak legs. Revealing the influence of eastern textiles in Portugal, the large Arraiolos rug is embroidered with an animal pattern, typical of the industry during the first half of the 18th century.